Benazepril is a medicine that is used in the treatment of high blood pressure or hypertension, congestive heart failure, and chronic renal failure or kidney failure. The brand name of Benazepril is Lotensin. Benazepril may be used by itself or in conjunction with other antihypertensives. Benazepril belongs to a group of medication that is described as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. It decreases certain chemicals in the body that constrict the blood vessels. This then results in the relaxation and imminent dilation of the blood vessels which ultimately reduces elevated blood pressure levels and enables better blood flow.
Benazepril is available as liquid suspension and also as tablets. As mentioned earlier, Benazepril maybe combined with other antihypertensives. One such instance is the combination of Benazepril with hydrochlorothiazide. This is called Lotensin HCT. The combination of Benazepril with amlodipine is sold under the trade name of Lotrel.
Benazepril is consumed orally by patients. In the case of children, the liquid form of the medication maybe given instead of the tablet form. Benazepril can be consumed with or without food. However, while administering the drug to a child, in the case of a stomach upset, it might be advisable to give the medicine after food. Take the exact measure prescribed by the doctor and avoid taking more or less of the drug as this may lead to unwanted complications. The doctor may give the patient a low dosage of Benazepril during the initial course of treatment in order to familiarize the body to the effects of the drug. The doctor may then increase the measure of the drug gradually, once the body has acclimatized itself to this drug. Although Benazepril can help to control blood pressure, it is not a cure for this problem. Even if the patient begins to feel better after consuming Benazepril as per the doctor’s instructions, it is advisable to constantly check with the doctor before deciding to discontinue the usage of the drug. The patient should always consult a professional medical practitioner before taking any decision regarding the usage of the medicine.
The following are some of the side effects associated with the usage of Benazepril. The patient should immediately consult a doctor if he /she experiences any of these symptoms.
The symptoms include:
There are other more serious side effects that may occur. The symptoms listed below are rare but if they do manifest, the patient must contact their doctor immediately.
- fever, sore throat, chills, and other possible signs of infection
- swelling of the eyes, lips, tongue, face, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
- difficulty in breathing or swallowing
- yellowing of the skin or eyes
- If you are stricken with a particularly serious side effect you or your doctor may send a formal report to the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Medwatch Adverse Event Reporting Program by phone / online.
In Case of an Accidental Overdose
In the case of an accidental overdose, alert your local poison control division at the toll free number 1-800-222-1222. If the individual collapses or has ceased breathing call 911 to get much needed emergency assistance. Symptoms of overdose may include:
- fainting (syncope)
Contraindication refers to any symptom or condition that renders a particular treatment as unfavorable or unsuited for a patient. The contraindications in the case of Benazepril include:
- pregnancy: It is strongly recommended that Benazepril should not be taken when the patient is pregnant. Benazepril may cause serious impairment to the development of the foetus and could even lead to death if used in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. The patient should consult a doctor immediately if she suspects that she is pregnant. Also, it is inadvisable to take Benazepril if a patient is trying to conceive.
- allergic reaction: An allergic reaction to any ingredient found in Benazepril could lead to complications. The patient should contact his / her doctor immediately to resolve this problem.
- allergic reaction to ACE inhibitor: The patient may have had an allergic reaction to another ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor in the past. The patient should inform the doctor about this and take suitable measures to curtail the problem.
Tips and Warnings
The followings tips and warnings can be kept in mind while using Benazepril.
- In order to ensure that the patient does not forget to take his / her regular dosage of the drug, it is advisable to take it at the same time of the day every day.
- The drug should be consumed in the exact, same dosage as prescribed by the doctor to avoid serious complications.
- Store the drug away from the reach of children and kept it in room temperature, away from excess moisture or heat.
- Keep the medicine in a tightly sealed container.